Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey. The modern city of Trabzon is the largest port along the Black Sea coast, and at beginning of Caucassia and Iran transit road. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has been an influx of traders from the CIS, especially neighbouring Georgia, and the city is becoming more cosmopolitan.
Trabzon is probably best remembered from the classic novel, “The Towers of Trebizond”, and many earlier pieces of travel literature, although little remains of the romanticised image of exotic culture and architecture. One of the highlights is Aya Sofia, the medieval church with outstanding Byzantine frescoes, the Russian Market and the old houses and mosques dotted around the town. Trabzon is a good transport hub from which to explore the Black Sea region.
There are regular bus services from and to major cities such as Ankara, İstanbul and many other cities. There are three main roads to Trabzon from Rize and Artvin in the East, from Erzurum and Gümüşhane in the South and from Giresun, Ordu and Samsun in the West.
Trabzon International Airport is the biggest in the region where all kinds of planes can land and take off. There are regular daily flights from Ankara and İstanbul to Trabzon. During summers there are also flights to some European countries and Russia as well.
In summer from May to September there is a ferry boat to Trabzon run by Turkish Maritime Lines. The ferry boat sets sail from İstanbul and calls at Sinop, Samsun, Trabzon and Rize ports. There are also yachts that set sail to Black Sea for touristy voyages.
Trabzon has a mild climate all year round. Day and night temperature difference is not so high. Being situated along a sea-side and surrounded towards south by steep mountains running parallel to the coast, it receives a lot of rain, especially in winters and springs. March and may are the rainiest terms. Snow is rare, and melts away even it does snow. Warm clothes are needed in winters although the temperature never drops below zero. In summers the temperatures are up to 30 oC, but effective temperature is about five degrees more than what is shown due to high humidity. Beaches along the Black Sea coast are very helpful on such days and provide the visitors with a pleasant atmosphere with sea water temperature around 23 oC.